|NATICK, Mass. (U.S. Army Natick Soldier Research,
Development and Engineering Center Public Affairs) — Personnel from the
U.S. Army Research, Development & Engineering Command’s Natick Soldier
Research, Development and Engineering Center (NSRDEC) are conducting an
Armywide Anthropometric Survey (ANSUR II) and are at Fort McCoy from May
17 to June 9 to update the Army’s anthropometric database.
Raleigh Worth measures the calf
of Sgt. 1st Class Jim Wagner during an anthropometric survey
being conducted at Fort McCoy.
(Photo by Tom Michele)
The ANSUR II project, endorsed and directed by Headquarters,
Department of the Army, ultimately will measure 13,000 Soldiers. The
collection of Soldier body measurements representing the different body
sizes and shapes present in today’s Total Army will result in a database
that will be used to improve the design and fit of clothing and
individual equipment systems as well as work stations and crew stations
used by Soldiers in the near future.
Data collection for the ANSUR II survey began in October 2010 at Fort
Hood, Texas, where the highly-trained measuring team gathered
standardized body measurements and three-dimensional (3-D) surface scans
from hundreds of male and female Soldiers across 57 units. These
measurements will be used for a wide range of engineering-related
The ANSUR II team just completed its efforts at Fort Drum, N.Y., before
coming to Fort McCoy. “The support to this important Army effort from
Forts Hood, Bliss, Drum and Camp Atterbury has been truly outstanding,”
said Cynthia Blackwell, ANSUR II Project Leader. “Just as importantly,
the commitment of the leaders and Soldiers of Fort McCoy is crucial to
this essential Army survey. We look forward to continuing our work with
the Fort McCoy community during the coming weeks.” Additional
installations on the ANSUR II schedule during the next 10 months include
other U.S. Army Forces Command, Training and Doctrine Command and First
Army Mobilization and Deployment sites.
The NSRDEC ANSUR II team, including a research anthropologist, military
personnel, and civilian contractors, will visit selected locations
across the United States. Selected Army units that represent
occupational cross-sections of the Army will be screened and individuals
will be selected in accordance with a stratified random sampling
approach by age, sex and race. They will then be measured and scanned
for the ANSUR II database.
Specifically, the measuring team will gather biographical data, 94
traditional body measurements and 3-D surface scans of the whole body,
head/face and foot on each participant. The standardized body
measurements will include some familiar clothing measurements such as
chest and waist circumferences, body breadths and depths, as well as
some very specialized dimensions like functional leg lengths. These leg
lengths are used to design cockpits and crew stations for combat
vehicles, aircraft and other human system platforms.
A 3-D whole body scanner will be used to capture body contours and
curvatures to help in designing close-fitting items such as body armor.
A 3-D head and face scanner will be used to capture the shapes and
curvatures needed for designing helmets, goggles, face, and respiratory
protection. Finally, a foot scanner will be used to capture foot size
and shape for footwear design.
Army clothing, protective equipment, combat vehicles, aircraft, and
weapon systems must be designed and sized to fit their users based on
statistical data collected from a representative sample of the force.
The last ANSUR data collection occurred in 1988.
During the past 20-plus years, the Army noticed changes in the body
sizes and types of its Soldiers, requiring an update of the original
The 2012 ANSUR II anthropometric database will be used to establish
design and sizing requirements, engineering solutions, digital models
for vehicular crew stations, portable shelters and workstations,
protective clothing and individual life-support equipment, and military
“This study is absolutely crucial not only to the design of Soldiers’
uniforms and protective equipment, but also to the design of future
combat vehicles. ANSUR II is the most comprehensive anthropometric data
set to ever be collected by the Army, and we truly appreciate the
support from all levels of the Army’s leadership,” said Dr. Claire
Gordon, NSRDEC senior research scientist in biological anthropology.
For more information visit the website