M. Collins and Gary Sheftick, Army News Service
D.C. ó The Army is changing how it generates forces and is
overhauling the National Guard and Reserve, said the commander of U.S.
Army Forces Command (FORSCOM).
Gen. Charles C. Campbell,
commander of U.S. Army Forces Command, talks to reporters about
operationalizing the reserve component at the AUSA annual
(Photo by Elizabeth M.
Charles C. Campbell told reporters during the Association of the
United States Army (AUSA) annual meeting that transitioning the
reserve component from a strategic reserve to an operational force is
a crucial part of modernizing the Army.
will organize the Guard and Reserve along modular lines and equip (the
reserve component) in ways that make it fully interoperable with the
active component," Campbell said. "There are some costs
associated with that that are pretty significant, but nonetheless, at
end state, our intent is to modularize the Guard and Reserve."
difficult and complex to operationalize the reserve component,
Campbell said at the AUSA Land Warfare Forum on the subject. But he
emphasized that itís crucial.
what is required is adequate equipment that enables home-station
training" at reserve centers and armories prior to mobilization,
Campbell said. He added that the Guard and Reserve also must be
equipped and trained for homeland defense and homeland security.
reserve-component Soldiers have the right training and equipment is
especially important because the Army relies on them so much today,
and because in January of 2007, the secretary of defense shortened
National Guard and Reserve mobilizations to one year for both time
in-theater and training at mobilization stations. So the Army needs to
make training time count, he said.
Gen. Michael Rochelle, the Armyís deputy chief of staff for
personnel, G-1, said that prior to 2001, the Army Reserve and Guard
was primarily considered a strategic reserve. Under the mobilization
concept, if the balloon went up, units would be called up for the
duration of a war plus six months. But thatís not how theyíre used
today, he said, with Guard and Reserve units doing rotations to
theater and back.
Cold War mentality ... simply doesnít work in the operational
environment," Rochelle said.
operationalizing the whole reserve component at once could cost about
$28 billion, Campbell said right now the Army is modernizing and
updating National Guard and Reserve units that have been alerted for
to Campbell, since 2001, more than 600,000 reserve-component Soldiers
have been mobilized, with 92 out of 105 National Guard brigades and a
comparable percentage of the 60-plus Army Reserve brigades expected to
be modularized by the end of 2009.
progress has been made," he said. "We certainly can be
blessed as a nation for the Citizen Soldiers who stand in our ranks
... and have answered repetitively our nationís call. They have
performed splendidly and transparently. There is no longer a
differentiation between Guard and Reserve and active component. It is
American Soldiers doing our nationís bidding and doing it in a way
that is very notable and very conspicuous for the quality of service
... and the quality of young men and women who stand in our
National Guard and Reserve units are notified for deployment, it is
after the ARFORGEN, or Army force generation process, used to prepare
units for deployments based on combatant commandersí requirements.
ARFORGEN, units are placed in three categories based on when theyíre
expected to be available for deployment. Units are placed in the
reset/train pool after returning from a deployment and their primary
mission is to rebuild and recuperate, while remaining available for
disaster relief. As they prepare for future missions and undergo
collective training, units move to the Ready Force pool. When they are
ready to redeploy, they go back to the available force pool.
synchronizes the Army modernizing, organizing, manning, training and
equipping systems. The program, Campbell said, was especially
successful during the surge in 2007, when ARFORGEN allowed FORSCOM to
identify 30,000 additional troops and coordinate their deployment to
we not had a process like ARFORGEN, we might not have been able to
deploy the capabilities and the capacities that were requested by the
combatant commander in the timelines that they needed," he added.
the Army continues to fulfill, re-examine and adjust its requirements
over the next year, Campbell said the Army hopes reserve-component
Soldiers soon will be able to spend four years at home for every year
of deployment, and that active-component Soldiers will be able to
spend two years at home between deployments.
training battalions that prepare Reserve Soldiers for deployments need
to be operationalized as well, said Lt. Gen. Jack Stultz, chief of the
Army Reserve and commander of U.S. Army Reserve Command.
the Army Reserve, we have a lot of generating force, as well as
expeditionary force," Stultz said. He said that some Reserve
drill sergeants and trainers have been on active duty for four years.
"The generating force needs to be operationalized as well,"
talked about recruiting and partnerships with employers. He has formed
a partnership with dozens of employers across the nation in which
companies will hire Reserve Soldiers after they finish their active
said the next step is figuring out how to share health benefits,
insurance and retirement benefits between the Army and the private
Gen. Clyde Vaughn, director of the Army National Guard, said that
reorganizing and transforming his force included closing more than 150
said it was painful, but it enabled reorganizing a force that a few
years ago was understrength and overstructured. It enabled filling
units to 91 percent, he said.
said itís important to streamline the way Guard and Reserve Soldiers
are brought on active duty.
said thereís currently 14 different categories of active duty for
the components, to include Active Duty for Training, Active Duty
Special Work and more.
said that should be streamlined to three or maybe even one.
either active duty or itís not," he said.
also said that streamlining the way to bring Individual Ready Reserve
and Retired Reserve Soldiers onto active duty will be a force
Gen. James D. Thurman, deputy chief of staff for G-3/5/7, said that
operationalizing the force will "change the paradigm" force
that a few years ago was under-strength and overstructured.
enabled filling units to 91 percent, he said.