By 1st Lt.
Justin Heinze, The Real McCoy Contributor
1st, 340th Training Support Battalion (TSB), with headquarters in
Arden Hills, Minn., has provided training to mobilizing Soldiers at
Fort McCoy since 2003. The unit is aligned with the 181st Infantry
Brigade, a training support brigade of Division West, First Army,
which has the mission to conduct the post-mobilization training and
subsequently validates units for these deployments at Fort McCoy.
Sgt. Travis Blackborn Jr., an
observer-controller-trainer for the 1st, 340th Training Support
Battalion, 181st Infantry Brigade makes a point during Humvee
Egress Assistance Training at Fort McCoy. (File
the 1st, 340th TSB is responsible to guide several units through the
mobilization training process. This includes Army Reserve and Army
National Guard units as well as Air Force, Coast Guard and Navy units
as part of Joint Service Training Operations. Additionally, the
battalion provides the following training to all mobilizing units.
32 Army Warrior Tasks (AWT) and 12 battle drills, high mobility
multipurpose wheeled vehicle (HMMWV) Egress Assistance Trainer (HEAT),
language training, individual and crew-served weapons training, and
leader development briefings.
Army units complete most of the AWT training prior to arriving at Fort
McCoy. However, 100 percent of a unitís Soldiers must complete these
tasks, and 1st, 340th personnel assure that this happens during
training lanes conducted at Fort McCoy.
rollovers have been one of the top killers of U.S. Soldiers in Iraq
and Afghanistan. The armor added to tactical vehicles has drastically
increased the risk for a rollover to occur.
Army devised the HEAT system to help improve Soldiersí knowledge and
ability to react during a vehicle rollover.
McCoy has been instrumental in obtaining two HEAT systems and has
provided a new facility this year to ensure the best training is
available for deploying Soldiers.
1st, 340th TSB uses the HEAT system to help Soldiers learn how to
rapidly and safely egress from a vehicle that has rolled over. The
trainer is a HMMWV that rotates a full 360 degrees to simulate a
first the Soldiers are tilted to the critical angle before a rollover
will most likely occur, allowing the Soldiers to actually know what it
will feel like in a controlled environment. Then the true test comes
and Soldiers are rotated 360 degrees for a few turns to allow them to
react to an actual rollover drill.
One of the
important training events for all deploying Soldiers is to
become knowledgeable in 15 key phrases of the Arabic language.
the past, language training never played as large a role in a Soldierís
deployment as it does today.
of the important training events for all deploying Soldiers is to
become knowledgeable in 15 key phrases of the Arabic language. The
1st, 340th TSB has a team of linguists that provide this training to
language team offers three tiers of training. Tier 1 training provides
Soldiers with a basic knowledge and testing of 15 standardized
phrases. Tier 2 and Tier 3 training allows units to receive additional
instructor-led language training to support their missions.
most-important aspect of this training is the ability of all Soldiers
to recite and understand the 15 Arabic Common Phrases that include:
"What direction?," "Stop!," "Hands
Down!," "Drop your weapons!," "Stop your
vehicle!," "Show me your identification card!,"
"Are you in possession of weapons?," "Do you need
medical attention?," "What is your name?," "Let me
search your car," "Excuse me/Iím sorry," "Do you
need help?," "Do you understand?," "Put your
weapon down," and "You can leave."
from the 1st, 340th TSB are further emphasizing politeness to enhance
need to show respect to Iraqi and Afghani citizens to enhance
relations and cooperation.
Soldiers have specific courses for the Afghan language. New devices
such as the Voice Response Translator and Speech Translation Device
will allow Soldiers to have a computer system known as the IraqComm
Laptop system to translate both Arabic into English and vice versa.
technology evolves so will the training at Fort McCoy, and the 1st,
340th trainers will help ensure deploying Soldiers receive the most
current training available.
1st, 340th TSB has a weapons training team (WTT) that provides
top-notch instruction on all individual and crew-served weapons
systems. Training is provided on common weapons systems, such as the
M-4, M-9, M-16, M-249, M-240B, M-2 and MK-19.
the Soldiers have the fundamentals down, the WTT introduces them to
the Engagement Skills Trainer Shooter (EST), a computer-based system.
EST places Soldiers into a real world scenario with realistic weapons
systems. This system allows Soldiers to hone their shooting skills.
Soldiers are tested on their ability to use their weapon systems
effectively in a battle where the computer-animated enemies shoot and
move closer to them on screen.
quality training greatly increases the Soldiers effectiveness with
both their individual and crew-served weapons.
last training venue the 1st, 340th TSB is responsible for is mandatory
briefs that Soldiers must receive before going overseas.
Soldiers receive these mandatory briefings.
the unit leadership receives leader development briefings. Topics
covered range from Force Protection, Rules of Engagement, operations
security and Subversion and Espionage Directed Against the Army to
leadership training, which covers Risk Management and the Military
Decision Making Process (MDMP).
of the 1st, 340th TSB are vital to the training mission of the 181st
continued success of the mobilization training is the direct result of
hard work by the Soldiers of this battalion and many other entities on
(Heinze is the commander
for Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st, 340th Training Support
Battalion, 181st Infantry Brigade.)