|Every summer, the U.S. Army loses Soldier manpower to
Army Safety officials said leaders must be proactive and engage control-
and risk-mitigation measures, coupled with direct leader engagement
within their organizations to help prevent heat casualties. These losses
can be reduced through the application of Composite Risk Management.
Soldiers often are required to train and operate in severe
temperatures. However, heat injuries can occur even when temperatures
are not extreme, and the cumulative effects of strenuous activities on
Soldiers can result in heat casualties.
Some steps leaders can take to mitigate the effects of heat are to:
• Monitor wet-bulb temperatures.
• Ensure Soldiers are acclimatized.
• Adjust work and rest schedules and ensure Soldiers rest in the shade
and modify uniforms as mission permits.
• Ensure Soldiers have adequate time to eat and drink water. A Soldier’s
hourly fluid intake should not exceed 1 1/2 quarts and daily intake
should not exceed 12 quarts or water toxicity may result.
• Brief Soldiers on the signs, symptoms, and treatment of heat-related
• Have a process in place that identifies Soldiers who have a history of
heat-related illnesses/injuries or other risk factors and pay special
attention to their individual activities.
• Rehearse the unit’s heat-injury immediate treatment and evacuation
procedures during every training opportunity.
• Encourage the battle-buddy system to assist in monitoring each
Soldier’s water intake and well-being.
Taking these preventive steps will help keep Soldiers safe from
heat-related injuries and keep them in the fight, Army officials said.
In the Fort McCoy community, military personnel working or training at
the installation can keep track of weather conditions, including the Wet
Bulb Globe Temperature Index conditions, by calling 2-2HOT or
Conditions vary throughout the installation, thus the index may be
higher or lower at various training areas. Additionally, degrees must be
added to the recorded index if personnel are dressed in mission-oriented
protective posture clothing.
Fort McCoy has a number of other resources to help protect Soldiers and
members of the work force from heat-related injuries.
The Installation Safety Office (ISO), building 1678, has informational
pamphlets about heat-injury prevention that are available to all members
of the Fort McCoy work force.
For more information, call the ISO at 608-388-3403.
Seasonal and general safety information also is available in the safety
section of the Fort McCoy Intranet, which is accessible through the
website at http://www.mccoy.army.mil.
Soldiers at Fort McCoy who suspect they have a heat injury should
contact the Troop Medical Clinic, building 2669, or call 608-388-3025
during business hours.
All emergency situations should be handled by calling 911 or going to a
hospital emergency room.
After-hours nonemergency treatment should be handled by calling
Soldiers who have heat injuries are encouraged to report those injuries
to the TMC to ensure proper follow-up care.
Federal civilian personnel in the Fort McCoy work force with heat-injury
symptoms can contact the Occupational Health Clinic, building 1679, at
608-388-3209/2414 for treatment.
The U.S. Army Combat Readiness/Safety Center stands ready to assist
leaders and units with tools and information including posters, videos
and pocket guides — that can be found at the website
https://safety.army.mil — to
protect Soldiers during the hot summer months.
Additional resources are available at the U.S. Army Public Health
Command (Provisional)/U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and
Preventive Medicine website at
(Compiled from information from the U.S. Army Combat Readiness/Safety
Center, Fort McCoy Installation Safety Office, Troop Medical Clinic and
Occupational Health Clinic.)